Hypericum hircinum Hypericum hircinum Twinning Project TR02-EN-01
Capacity Building in the Field of Environment for Turkey,
Component 3: Nature
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Floristical Details on the Amanos Mtn.

provided by Assoc. Prof. Dr. H. Kehl / Institute of Ecology / Berlin Technical University,
Tel. 0049-30-314-72668 // Email harald.kehl(et)tu-berlin.de
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A Dörtyol Region, Project Area of LöKAT:  
   
Altitudinal belts according to Kehl, H. (1998), p.180, Tab.22-18
Distribution of species according to Kehl, H. (1998), p.623, Tab.2.3-G
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   upper montane / subalpine belt photo by:
(main distribution)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
> 2.100 Daz Dağları (summer) H.Kehl
> 2.100 Daz Dağları (winter, same area) H.Kehl
2.050 - 2.125 Draba haradijanii (endemic) H.Kehl
1.930 Carduus amanus (endemic) H.Kehl
± 2.150 Timber line with Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis H.Kehl
600 - 1.800 Cloud Bank Formation (early spring time) H.Kehl
1.040 Cedrus libani H.Kehl
1.370 - 2.110 Abies cilicica -1 H.Kehl +
~2.100 Abies cilicica -2 H.Kehl +
(600)800 - 2.110 Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis (with snow - 1.800m) H.Kehl +
~ 1.450 Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis (Forest) H.Kehl
~ 1.250 Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis (Topaktaş Yayla) Ş.Çimen +
(450)900 - 2.150 Pinus nigra var. pallasiana (Abb. P. nigra, Beschr. P.n.ssp.p.) ---
       
~ 1.550 strongly degraded Oriental Beech forest H.Kehl
~ 1.180 - 1.280 Topaktaş Yayla (early autumn) H.Kehl
  Campanula peregrina
   
   
B Dörtyol Region, Project Area of LöKAT:
(between Topaktaş Yayla and Gökbel Pass)  
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   middle montane belt photo by:
(main distribution)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
650 - 1.000 Buxus sempervirens  H.Kehl
(700) - 1.000 (1.300) Campanula peregrina -1 Ş.Çimen
  Campanula peregrina -2 Ş.Çimen
  Campanula peregrina -3 Ü.Ülkütaşir
  Campanula peregrina -4 Ü.Ülkütaşir
  Campanula peregrina -5 Ü.Ülkütaşir
(1000) - 1.750 Campanula trachelium -1 Ş.Çimen
  Campanula trachelium -2 ---
280 - 1.800 Carpinus orientalis -1 H.Kehl
  Carpinus orientalis -2 Ş.Çimen
  Carpinus orientalis -3 Ş.Çimen
450 - 1.050 Danae racemosa -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Danae racemosa -2 Ş.Çimen +
700 - 1.400 Euonymus latifolius -1 H.Kehl
  Euonymus latifolius -2 Ş.Çimen
  Euonymus latifolius -3 Ş.Çimen
  Euonymus latifolius -4 Ş.Çimen
  Euonymus latifolius -5 Ş.Çimen
  Euonymus latifolius -6 Ş.Çimen
  Euonymus latifolius -7 Ş.Çimen
~ 950 Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis Ş.Çimen
280 - 1.650 Fraxinus ornus (Amanos Mtn. = F. ornus ssp. ornus) ---
  cf. Fraxinus ornus or Staphylea pinnata Ş.Çimen
290 - 1.500 Hedera helix H.Kehl
650 - 1.100 Hypericum androsaemum H.Kehl
450 - 650(1.100) Hypericum hircinum -1 Ş.Çimen
  Hypericum hircinum -2 Ş.Çimen
  Hypericum hircinum -3 Ü.Ülkütaşir
  Hypericum hircinum -4 Ü.Ülkütaşir
  Hypericum hircinum -5 Ü.Ülkütaşir
650 - 1.100 Ilex aquifolium / I. colchica H.Kehl
  Ilex colchica Ş.Çimen +
790 - 2.130 Juniperus oxycedrus (photo from Belen, 830m) -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Juniperus oxycedrus -2 Ş.Çimen
  Juniperus oxycedrus -3 Ü.Ülkütaşir
280 - 1.100 Laurus nobilis ---
1.100 Mentha longifolia ssp. longif. Ü.Ülkütaşir
390 - 1.700 Ostrya carpinifolia -1 ---
  Ostrya carpinifolia -2 Ş.Çimen
650 - 1.500 Phlomis viscosa ---
(450)900 - 2.150 Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe (Crimean Pine) ---
450 - 930 Platanus orientalis H.Kehl
450 - 1.100 Rubus discolor Ş.Çimen
820 - 1.800 Sambucus ebulus Ü.Ülkütaşir
700 - 1.200 Sambucus nigra ---
700 - 1.200 Sanicula europaea ---
450 - 1.590 Salvia glutinosa ---
910 - 1.880 Sophora jaubertii -1 Ü.Ülkütaşir
  Sophora jaubertii -2 Ü.Ülkütaşir
390 - 2.040 Sorbus torminalis -1 ---
  Sorbus torminalis -2 / young plant Ş.Çimen
450 - 1.010 Staphylea pinnata -1 ---
~ 1.000 Staphylea pinnata -2 Ş.Çimen
650 - 1.100 Taxus baccata -1 H.Kehl
  Taxus baccata -2 Ş.Çimen +
650 - 1.100 Tilia argentea DC ( = T. tomentosa Moench) ---
450 - 1.410 Wulfenia orientalis (only Amanos & Alaouite Mtns.) H.Kehl
       
  Composition of different species:  
ca. 1.050 Fraxinus / Galium / Valeriana [nw-exposition, shady] Ş.Çimen
ca. 1.250 Fagus and Pteridium [Topaktaş Yayla] Ş.Çimen
ca. 950 (S1) Mixed broad-leaved deciduous forest -1 Ş.Çimen
ca. 950 (S1) Mixed broad-leaved deciduous forest -2 Ş.Çimen
ca. 1.050 Moist ravine vegetation [nw-exposition, shady] Ü.Ülkütaşir
ca. 1.200 Strong erosion at 1.200 m a.s.l. [Beech Forest] Ü.Ülkütaşir
 
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C Dörtyol Region, Project Area of LöKAT (between Gökbel Pass and Çökek Yayla):
 
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   lower (sub-) montane / middle (montane) montane belt photo by:
(main distribution)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
650 - 1.000 Buxus sempervirens  ---
280 - 1.800 Carpinus orientalis ---
270 - 1.000 Centaurea ptosimopappa -1 Ş.Çimen
  Centaurea ptosimopappa -2 Ş.Çimen
  Centaurea ptosimopappa -3 Ş.Çimen
  Centaurea ptosimopappa -4 Ş.Çimen
  Centaurea ptosimopappa -5 H.Kehl
270 - 1.100 Cercis siliquastrum Ş.Çimen +
  Cercis siliquastrum Ş.Çimen +
700 - 1.400 Clematis flammula ---
270 - 1.100 Clematis vitalba ---
950 - 2.080 Colutea arborescens (Amanos = C.cilicica) -1 ---
  Colutea cilicica -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Colutea cilicica -3 Ş.Çimen +
  Colutea cilicica -4 Ş.Çimen +
290 - 1.500 Cornus mas -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Cornus mas -2 Ş.Çimen +
650 - 1.500 Cornus sanguinea -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Cornus sanguinea -2 Ş.Çimen +
280 - 1.400 Coronilla emerus ssp. emerus Ş.Çimen +
270 - 2.060 Crataegus monogyna ssp. -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Crataegus monogyna ssp. -2 Ş.Çimen +
700 - 1.400 Euonymus latifolius Ş.Çimen +
(600)800 - 2.110 Fagus sylvatica ssp. orientalis (Forest) H.Kehl
280 - 1.650 Fraxinus ornus (Amanos Mtn. = F. ornus ssp. ornus) ---
290 - 1.500 Hedera helix ---
650 - 1.100 Ilex aquifolium / I. colchica ---
280 - 1.100 Laurus nobilis H.Kehl
450 - 2.050 Origanum laevigatum Ş.Çimen
390 - 1.700 Ostrya carpinifolia ---
740 - 1.880 Paeonia daurica Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.050 Pinus brutia ---
290 - 1.790 Pteridium aquilinum ---
280 - 2.080 Quercus cerris Ş.Çimen
270 - 1.700 Quercus infectoria ssp. boissieri (sw-exposition) ---
270 - 1.350 Quercus coccifera (sw-exposition) Ş.Çimen +
280 - 870 Rhus coriaria ---
450 - 1.100 Rubus discolor Ş.Çimen +
280 - 1.400 Ruscus aculeatus ssp. angustifolius ---
450 - 1.650 Salvia tomentosa Ş.Çimen +
820 - 1.800 Sambucus ebulus Ü.Ülkütaşir
270 - 1.410 Styrax officinalis -1 ---
  Styrax officinalis -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Styrax officinalis -3 Ş.Çimen +
450 - 1.010 Staphylea pinnata ---
650 - 1.100 Taxus baccata Ş.Çimen +
  Verbascum spec. -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Verbascum spec. -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Verbascum spec. -3 Ş.Çimen +
       
  Composition of different species:  
~ 800 Quercus cerris + Ficus carica (near Gökbel) Ş.Çimen +
~ 800 Quercus cerris + Platanus orientalis (near Gökbel) Ş.Çimen +
~ 850
Yahyalı Yayla (late spring time)
H.Kehl
   
 
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Additional Information:
 
The multi-disciplinary Project LöKAT on Causes and Diversity of
Extrazonal Temperate Flora & Vegetation in the Amanos Mtn. (SE-Turkey) online
Concentrated Summary of LöKAT research results online
  List of Plant Species in the LöKAT data base in alphabetical order online
  Collection of Herbarium Specimen (digitized) and several Photographs of Species online
  Visit LöKAT Table 2.3.2 C with 44 Relevés of the middle montane Quercus cerris Units relevees
 
Kehl, H. (1998)
  Eine landschaftsökologische Komplexanalyse zu den Ursachen extrazonaler Vegetation an der Westabdachung des Amanusgebirges, SO-Türkei, (A multi-disciplinary Mountain Ecology Project on Causes and Diversity of Extrazonal Temperate Flora & Vegetation of the Amanos Mtn. (SE-Turkey, Hatay, above Dörtyol).- Habilitationsschrift (professorial dissertation) an der Technischen Universität Berlin (Berlin University of Technology, Institute of Ecology) , FB07
(2 Vol., 656 S., 8 Karten, 104 Abb., 75 Tab., 39 Fotos / 2 Vol., 656 pp., 8 Maps, 104 Fig., 75 Tab., 39 Photographs).- AGNOS Dr. Kehl & Partner, Berlin.
(Hardcover: ISBN 3-00-003155-2; CD-ROM: ISBN 3-00-003156-1)
 
 
Information on Mediterranean Flora & Vegetation you will find on the Lecture Websites (German)
[URL http://lv-twk.oekosys.tu-berlin.de/project/lv-twk/06-subtrop-wint1-twk.htm] online lecture sites
 
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Copyright © Dr. Harald Kehl
TU-Berlin - Institut für Ökologie - Germany