Hypericum hircinum Hypericum hircinum Twinning Project TR02-EN-01
Capacity Building in the Field of Environment for Turkey,
Component 3: Nature
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Floristical Details on the Amanos Mtn.

provided by Assoc. Prof. Dr. H. Kehl / Institute of Ecology / Berlin Technical University,
Tel. 0049-30-314-72668 // Email harald.kehl(et)tu-berlin.de
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Home | Amanos Mtn. | Project Area | List of species 1 / 2 | EEA | CORINE | NATURA2000 | EUNIS
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Altitudinal belts according to Kehl, H. (1998), p.180, Tab.22-18
Distribution of species according to Kehl, H. (1998), p.623, Tab.2.3-G
  Cistus villosus
   
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D Dörtyol Region, Project Area of LöKAT:
 
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   colline to lower (sub-) montane belt photo by:
(main distribution)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
290 Alyssum cassia Ş.Çimen
280 - 1.600 Alyssum murale ssp. haradjianii Ş.Çimen
280 - 850 Arbutus andrachne ---
270 - 440 Calicotome villosa -1 ---
-- Callicotome villosa -2 Ş.Çimen +
-- Callicotome villosa -3 Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.350 Cotinus coggygria -1 ---
  Cotinus coggygria -2 Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.100 Cercis siliquastrum Ş.Çimen +
280 - 1.800 Carpinus orientalis ---
5 - / 270 - 950 Cistus - species ---
270 - 950 Cistus villosus / = C. creticus ---
270 - 950 Cistus salviifolius ---
280 - 680 Daphne sericea Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.390 Erica manipuliflora -1 H.Kehl
  Erica manipuliflora -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Erica manipuliflora -3 Ş.Çimen +
280 - 1.650 Fraxinus ornus (Amanos Mtn. = F. ornus ssp. ornus) ---
270 - 880 Myrtus communis -1 ---
  Myrtus communis -2 Ş.Çimen
  Myrtus communis -3 Ş.Çimen
270 - 1.050 Pistacia terebinthus ---
270 - 580 Phillyrea latifolia ---
270 - 1.050 Pinus brutia ---
270 - 1.350 Quercus coccifera Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.700 Quercus infectoria ssp. boissieri ---
280 - 2.080 Quercus cerris ---
280 - 1.400 Ruscus aculeatus ssp. angustifolius ---
270 - 1.100 Smilax aspera -1 ---
  Smilax aspera -2 Ş.Çimen +
270 - 1.410 Styrax officinalis ---
270 - 290 Inula viscosa Ş.Çimen +
270 - 450 Themeda triandra Ş.Çimen +
       
  Composition of different species:  
ca. 750 Rosa / Styrax / Quercus cerris -1 Ş.Çimen
ca. 650 Paeonia daurica + Ruscus aculeatus -2 Ü.Ülkütaşir
ca. 400 Pinus brutia + Cercis siliquastrum -3 Ş.Çimen
ca. 400 Pinus / Cercis / Cotinus -4 Ş.Çimen
ca. 400 Pinus / Cercis / Cotinus / Arbutus -5 Ş.Çimen
ca. 400 Pinus / Cotinus / Quercus infect. -6 Ş.Çimen
ca. 400 Pinus / Cotinus / Quercus infect. / Styrax -7 Ş.Çimen
ca. 400 Pinus brutia / Pistacia terebinthus -8 Ş.Çimen
ca. 300 Quercus / Smilax / Myrtus -9 Ş.Çimen
ca. 300 Arbutus andrachne + Myrtus communis -10 Ş.Çimen
ca. 300 Myrtus / Pistacia tere. / Styrax etc. -11 Ş.Çimen
ca. 300 Myrtus + Quercus infectoria ssp. boisseri -12 Ş.Çimen
ca. 250 Ruscus / Smilax / Cotinus -13 Ş.Çimen
ca. 200 Themeda / Cistus -14 Ş.Çimen
ca. 200 Themeda / Quercus coccifera -15 Ş.Çimen
       
  cf. Strongly overgrazed macchie ... H.Kehl
  cf. Strongly degraded macchie ... H.Kehl
~ 570 Çökek Yayla (early autumn) H.Kehl
   
F Dörtyol Region, Coastal Plane:
   
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   coastal (planar) belt (outsite of LöKAT research area) photo by:
(main distribution)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
0 - 150 Anagyris foetida ---
  Asphodelus microcarpus ---
  Ceratonia siliqua ---
  Cistus creticus ---
  Cytisus scoparius ---
  Daphne gnidium ---
  Nerium oleander ---
  Olea europaea ---
  Rhamnus oleoides ---
  Sarcopoterium spinosum ---
 
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near Belen - location: 36° 28' 43'' kuzey / 36° 12' 44'' došu
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   sub-montane / montane photo by:
    Selection of leading species or location: (source)
820 - 830 Astragalus spec. -1 Ş.Çimen
Astragalus spec. -2 Ş.Çimen
  Calicotome villosa ---
  Cistus - species ---
  Cistus cf. creticus Ş.Çimen
  Daphne sericea Ş.Çimen +
  Euphorbia spec. Ş.Çimen
  Juniperus oxycedrus -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Juniperus oxycedrus -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Ononis viscosa -1 Ş.Çimen
  Ononis viscosa -2 Ş.Çimen
  Ononis viscosa -3 Ş.Çimen
  Osyris alba Ş.Çimen
  Osyris / Quercus / Rhamnus (compo.) Ş.Çimen
  Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana -1 ---
  Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana -2 (extremely wind shaped) Ş.Çimen
  Pistacia lentiscus ---
  Pistacia terebinthus -1 ---
  Pistacia terebinthus -2 strongly overgrazed shrub) Ş.Çimen
  Phillyrea latifolia ---
  Quercus coccifera -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Quercus coccifera -2 strongly overgrazed shrub) Ş.Çimen
  Quercus coccifera -3 detail - twigs) Ş.Çimen
  Ruscus aculeatus -1 ---
  Ruscus aculeatus -2 Ş.Çimen
  Rubus discolor Ş.Çimen +
  Styrax officinalis ---
  Smilax aspera ---
  Ipomea stolonifera
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Coastal Area
(southern edge of the Amanos Mtn., near Arsuz)
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   planare belt (with white sea dunes) photo by:
0 - 5 (20)   Selection of leading species or location: (source)
> 3 Quercus coccifera Ş.Çimen +
> 3 Cistus - species www
> 3 Calycotome villosa www
> 3 Rhamnus oleoides ---
> 2 Sarcopoterium spinosum -1 ---
  Sarcopoterium spinosum -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Sarcopoterium spinosum -3 Ş.Çimen +
> 4 Pistacia lentiscus -1 www
  Pistacia lentiscus -2 Ş.Çimen +
> 6 Daphne gnidium www
> 4 Asphodelus microcarpus www
> 1 Eryngium maritimum Ş.Çimen +
> 1 Euphorbia paralias Ş.Çimen +
> 1 Euphorbia peplis Ş.Çimen
> 1 Ipomea stolonifera -1 Ş.Çimen
  Ipomea stolonifera -2 Ş.Çimen
  Ipomea stolonifera -3 Ş.Çimen
> 1 Pancratium maritimum -1 Ş.Çimen
  Pancratium maritimum -2 Ş.Çimen
  Pancratium maritimum -3 Ş.Çimen
> 1 Polygonum maritimum -1 Ş.Çimen
  Polygonum maritimum -2 Ş.Çimen
> 1 Salsola kali -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Salsola kali -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Salsola kali -3 Ş.Çimen +
> 2 Verbascum spec. Ş.Çimen
10 - 20 Pinus-Pistacia-etc. (compo.) Ş.Çimen
       
> 20 Centaurea ptosimopappa with Quercus coccifera Ş.Çimen
 
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Amik Plain (between cotton fields)
 
Altitude m a.s.l.:   Amik Plain photo by:
  Name of species: (source)
ca. 50 m Gossypium hirsutum -1 (compo.) Ş.Çimen +
  Gossypium hirsutum -2 Ş.Çimen
  Gossypium hirsutum -3 Ş.Çimen
  Prosopis farcta -1 Ş.Çimen +
  Prosopis farcta -2 Ş.Çimen +
  Prosopis farcta -3 Ş.Çimen +
   
 
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Additional Information:
 
The multi-disciplinary Project LöKAT on Causes and Diversity of
Extrazonal Temperate Flora & Vegetation in the Amanos Mtn. (SE-Turkey) online
Concentrated Summary of LöKAT research results online
  List of Plant Species in the LöKAT data base in alphabetical order online
  Collection of Herbarium Specimen (digitized) and several Photographs of Species online
  Visit LöKAT Table 2.3.2 C with 44 Relevés of the middle montane Quercus cerris Units relevees
 
Kehl, H. (1998)
  Eine landschaftsökologische Komplexanalyse zu den Ursachen extrazonaler Vegetation an der Westabdachung des Amanusgebirges, SO-Türkei, (A multi-disciplinary Mountain Ecology Project on Causes and Diversity of Extrazonal Temperate Flora & Vegetation of the Amanos Mtn. (SE-Turkey, Hatay, above Dörtyol).- Habilitationsschrift (professorial dissertation) an der Technischen Universität Berlin (Berlin University of Technology, Institute of Ecology) , FB07
(2 Vol., 656 S., 8 Karten, 104 Abb., 75 Tab., 39 Fotos / 2 Vol., 656 pp., 8 Maps, 104 Fig., 75 Tab., 39 Photographs).- AGNOS Dr. Kehl & Partner, Berlin.
(Hardcover: ISBN 3-00-003155-2; CD-ROM: ISBN 3-00-003156-1)
 
 
Information on Mediterranean Flora & Vegetation you will find on the Lecture Websites (German)
[URL http://lv-twk.oekosys.tu-berlin.de/project/lv-twk/06-subtrop-wint1-twk.htm] online lecture sites
 
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Copyright © Dr. Harald Kehl
TU-Berlin - Institut für Ökologie
- Germany