TU-BERLIN

Zur Erforschung der 'Western Desert of Egypt'
Ecological Studies in the Libyan Desert of Egypt and N-Sudan
Vegetation Ecology of the Eastern Sahara

Zusammengestellt von Dr. Harald Kehl - TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie
(Compiled by Dr. Harald Kehl - TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie)

LV-TWK-Kehl
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    D2/1-24
  
List of Species in Fam. Order of the Western Desert of Egypt    (1st draft, will be completed contin.)
   
  NOTE: Red marked species-information = not incl. in tabls. of Bornkamm & Kehl 1990, and Kehl et al. 1984
  NOTE: Abbreviations used and necessary remarks
   
  Additionally, you will find impressions of landscapes etc. of the Western Desert of Egypt
  and, maybe you like to visit some Locations via www.satelliteviews.net
   
  Quick search for plant families (e.g. Aca = Acanthaceae):
> Aca | Aiz | Ama | Asc | Bal | Bor | Cap | Car | Cas | Che < Cis | Cle | Com | Con | Cru | Cuc | Cus | Cyp
Eph | Eup | Fra | Fum | Gen | Ger | Iri | Jun | Lam | Leg | Lil | Mal | Men | Mol | Neu | Ole | Oro | Pal | Pap
Pla | Plu | Poa | Pol | Pri | Ran | Ran | Res | Rha | Rub | Rup | Rut | Scr | Sol | Tam | Thy | Umb | Zyg
 Plant Families and Species: CT LF   Regions: Locations: km / lat.-long.
Collect.-Nr.:
*1 *2          
ACANTHACEAE    
Blepharis ciliaris (L.) B.L. Burtt  SA H-P  NW-Sudan Darfur, Wadi Howar, near Gebel Tageru, common 17°36'N/27°28'E 84/202-1
             
AIZOACEAE    
Aizoon canariense  EM-SA- SU NW-Egypt Mersa Matruh (MM) region, coastal area, runnels, depressions 83/054-11
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
(Neopyte)
 S-Africa  H-P NW-Egypt Mersa Matruh (MM) region, coastal area, runnels, depressions  
Mesembryanthemum forsskalii  SU NW-Egypt S edge of Marmarica plateau, runnels, depressions  
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum EM-SA  NW-Egypt
C-Egypt
MM region, coastal area, runnels, depressions, oasis  
   
AMARANTHACEAE    
Aerva javanica Tropical H-P SE-Egypt
NW-Sudan
Lake Nasser, Sarra West (Nubia)
Darfur, El Atrun, Gebel Tageru, Abyyad Plateau
22°11'N/31°18'E
17°50'N/26°55'E
16°58'N/26°60'E
86/054-4
84/182-2
84/192-8
Amaranthus ascendens PluriReg A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser, Sarra West 22°11'N/31°18'E 86/064-1
Amaranthus graezicans PluriReg A C-Egypt runnels, depression
   
ASCLEPEDIACEAE    
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. SA-SU NP SE- and
C-Egypt
oases, road- and fieldside only Photo
Cynanchum acutum IT-M GE NW-Egypt Siwa-Region, Oasis Sitra 28°43'N/ 26°54'E 85/134-4
Leptadenia pyrotechnica SA-SU NP NW-Egypt Red Sea - Cairo 22km 29°49'N/32°17'E 82/039-3
Pergularia tomentosa  SU(SA) CH  NW-Egypt MM-Siwa, 'Salvia-Plaja" km 0153
30°11'N/26°15'E
83/303-11
Periploca angustifolia Labill. SA(M) NP NW-Egypt MM-Siwa, runnel-veget. km 0040 83/283-1
Periploca aphylla SA-SU NP NE-Egypt coastal area, Gulf of Suez
   
BALANITACEAE    
Balanites aegytiaca SA-SU CH C-Egypt S of Ain Tafnis near Baris 84/153-6
   
BORAGINACEAE    
Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch EM  H-P NW-Egypt MM district, fieldside only Photo
Arnebia linearifolia IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, S of Garawla
'
Ring-shaped Plaja Vegetation near Abu Mukaiyat' -
Abu Mukhaiyat (SATIM)
30°43'N/27°15'E 83/233-15
Echiochilon fruticosum IT-SA CH N-Egypt MM district
Wadi Garawla
Cairo - Alex.
km 0080 83/223-2
82/263-3
82/272-2
Echium sericeum EM CH NW-Egypt MM district,
MM-Siwa
W of Bourg El Arab, Bagush
km 0078 82/273-1
83/293-2
82/123-2
82/153-12
Echium setosum SA A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser, Sarra West 22°11N/31°18E 86/064-6
86/054-15
Gastrocotyle hispida IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, S of Garawla
'
runnel vegetation of Raqabet El Sikka' and
'
Ring-shaped Plaja Vegetation near Abu Mukaiyat'
31°06'N/27°19'E
30°43'N/27°15'E
83/273-20
83/243-2
83/233-16
83/114-10
Heliotropium bacciferum  SA-SU H-P  NE-Egypt
NW-Egypt
Gulf of Suez
SE of MM
N of Qara oasis
km 0020
km 0033
82/039-2
83/024-12
83/114-5
Heliotropium rotundifolium IT CH NE-Egypt Cairo region
E of Maadi
km 0015 85/194-4
Heliotropium supinum M-IT (SU) A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser, Sarra West 22°11N/31°18E 86/064-2
86/064-5
86/045-14
Hormuzakia aggregata IT-EM-(SA) A NW-Egypt Marmarica, northern scarpments
Lappula spinocarpus IT-SA  A NW-Egypt MM district, e.g. S of Garawla
Raqabet El Sikka
km 0007
31°05'53.94''N
27°18'51.81''E
83/223-8
83/273-19
83/054-10
Moltikiopsis ciliata (Forssk.) Johnst. SA (SU) CH SW and NE Egypt SE Abu Minqar
Cairo - Maadi, roadside
km 1765 85/293-1
85/194-5
Trichodesma africanum SA-SU H-P SW-Egypt SE Abu Minqar km 1765 85/293-2
85/293-2 ?
85/254-4
     
   
CAPPARACEAE    
Cadaba glandulosa SU P N-Sudan N-Gebel Tageru 16°58'N/26°60'E 84/192-3
Capparis aegytia SA CH NW-Egypt Marmarica plateau, runnels
Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. SU  P S-Egypt
NW-Sudan
Dakhla, Mut, very common in SW-Egypt and NW-Sudan
Aufn. 108
20°57'N/26°26'E
84/243-1
84/112-2
Capparis leucophylla DC  M-IT-SA  CH NW- to S-Egypt Dakhla, Tineida W of Mut 84/243-2
Capparis leucophylla var. microphylla  M-IT-SA  CH NW-Egypt MM-Siwa
'Salvia-Plaja'
30°11'N/26°15'E 83/303-7
Maerua crassifolia Forssk.  M-IT-SA  CH C-Egypt
NW-Sudan
Dakhla, N of Mut
N of Gebel Tageru
"iron rocks"
18°19'N/26°16' 84/124-1
84/202-7
84/162-1
   
CARYOPHYLLACEAE    
Gymnocarpos decandrum Forssk.
(Gymnocarpus decandrum, Gymnocarpos decander)
SA(EM) CH NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area and Marmarica plateau
Herniaria hemistemon SA H-P NW-Egypt MM district
S of Garawla
Baggush
km 0061 83/213-8
83/243-9
83/153-1
Herniaria hirsuta IT-EM A NW-Egypt MM district
Garawla
82/253-3
Minuartia procumbens EM-SA  H-P  NW-Egypt NW of Qara (Aufn. 38)
MM district, Wadi Rawashi and
Wadi Garawla
km 0155 83/044-8
83/124-38
Minuartia geniculata EM-SA  H-P  NW-Egypt MM district, SE of Garawla
Baggush
km 0010 83/253-3
83/253-4
82/153-13
Paronychia arabica SA(EM) A/P NW-Egypt N of Qattara depression
MM distrcit, S of Garawla
km 0047
km 0061
83/243-1
83/084-4
Paronychia arabica var. breviseta SA(EM) A/P NW-Egypt MM district
S of Garawla
N Qattara D.
km 0061 83/243-1
83/084-4
Paronychia nivea SA-EM H-P NW-Egypt MM district, Wadi Rawashi   83/124-13
Polycarpon succulentum SA A NW-Egypt MM district seed bank
Polycarpea repens SU (SA) H-P NE-Egypt Baharyia-Cairo
Alex.-Cairo
km 0050
km 0120
86/274-1
82/019-1
Pteranthus dichotomus (IT)SA(SU) A NW-Egypt MM district, runnels and depressions 83/084-5
Robbairea delileana v. minor SA-SU A NW Egypt MM district, runnels and depressions
Silene apetala IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM District, Wadi Rawashi 83/144-12
Silene setacea SA(EM) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area 83/084-7
Silene succulenta EM H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area 82/123-3
82/273-2
Spergula fallax SA (EM-SU) A NW-Egypt MM District, Wadi Garawla 83/144-8
Spergularia diandra EM-IT- SA A NW-Egypt
C-Egypt
MM district,
Wadi Rawashi
Oases of
Kharga - Bulaq
83/193-12
83/144-28
84/153-5
84/123-6
Spergularia marina EM-IT H-P C-Egypt Abu Minqar 85/303-6
Telephium spaerospermum SA A NW-Egypt MM district, MM - Siwa
S of Garawla
km 0140
km 0061
83/303-1
83/253-1
Vaccaria pyramidata EM (IT-ES) A C-Egypt Abu Minqar 85/303-6
   
CASUARINACEAE    
Casuarina equisetifolia L. SE-AUS P SE- and
C-Egypt
Oases, fieldside
   
CHENOPODIACEAE     *1
Anabasis articulata
(Forssk.) Moq. in DC
SA  CH ! NW- and
NE-Egypt
C-Egypt

Alex. - Cairo Desert Road
MM - Siwa
MM - Siwa
MM - Qattara Depression
near Oases of Siwa, Farafra (UG8), Abu Minqar, near Sitra, S of El Bahrein, SE of W.Buwitti;
10km N of Ras Qattara,

km 0040
km 0210
km 0010
km 0135
km 3172
km 3172
km 3155
km 2982
83/273-12
83/064-11
83/313-1
82/1512-2
85/084-2
85/313-3
85/054-9
17 III 82 B
12 III 82 B
19 V 85 B
21 III 82 B
10 IV 85 B
05 IV 85 B
Anabasis setifera Moq. IT-SA CH ! E-Egypt
NW-Egypt
Red Sea - Cairo, Wadi Bad
km 0040 82/029-1
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) Moris M-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, near Garawla
Oases of
Siwa and Nuweimisa
82/263-2 B
85/114-1
83/213-4
Atriplex dimorphostegia Kar. et Kir.  SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, edge of Qattara Depression 83/064-3
Atriplex glauca L.  SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, near Garawla, wadi bank 82/073-1
Atriplex halimus L. M-SA NP ! NW-Egypt MM district, coast to Qattara Depression 82/173-3
Atriplex inamoena Aellen  SA CH ! NW-Egypt 15km E of Maadi 19 IV 85 B
Atriplex portulacoides L. EM CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, Wadi Garawla 82/073-3
26 III 82 B
Bassia arabica (Boiss.) Maire et Weiller in Maire  SA  CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, coastal reagion, Ras el Hikma, roadside 83/164-7B
Bassia indica (Wight) A.J.Scott  IT-SA- SU ! S- and C-Egypt Bulaq oasis, Abu Minqar, Kharga near Bulaq 82/1012-3
82/1012-4
82/1012-5
Bassia muricata (L.) Asch. in Schweinf.  IT-ESU ! NW- to C-Egypt MM district, Ras el Hikma, near Qattara escarpment, near Abu Minqar, near Cairo (UG4) km 1666
km 1952
26.08N/27.47E
83/064-4
85/313-6
19 IV 85 B
17 III 82 B
Blackiella inflata (F.Müller) Aellen AUS  H-P 
Chenolaea arabica cf. Bassia arabica    
Chenopodium album EM(Pl) A
Chenopodium murale L. EM-COS A ! NW-Egypt MM district, Baggush 82/153-2
14 III 82 B
Chenopodium rubrum IT-EM A
Chenoleoides arabica SA CH ? NW-Egypt MM district, 'Scherental' 31°06'N/27°19'E 83/094-4
Cornulaca monocantha L.  SA-SU CH ! E-, C- and S-Egypt
NW-Sudan
Kharga to Assiut
Alex. to Cairo (Desert Road)
35km E of Abu Minqar, near Golet el Arab, W of Ras Qattara, NE of Qara, near Kolet El Gorab, Bir el Shab, Bahariya Oasis (S border)
NW-Sudan, near Nukheila, around Abu Munkhayiat
km 0100
km 0120
km1952
19° 06'N/26° 07'E
83/044-1
82/272-1
85/313-4
82/1911-1 B
85/154-3
20 III 82 B
Halocnemum strobilaceum (Pallas) MB. EM-IT- SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 17 and 20km E MM
saltmarsh near Garawla
83/144-40
83/213-3
19 IV 85 B
Halopeplis perfoliata IT CH ? NW-Egypt MM district,
saltmarsh near Garawla
82/263-1
Haloxylon salicornicum (Moq.) Boiss. (= Hammada elegans) IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt, Siwa district, ca. 15km S of Nuweimisa, Pituranthus-Senke 85/125-2
Haloxylon tamariscifolium (L.) Pau (= Hammada scoparium) IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt, MM and Siwa district, 25km on Darp Hillier trace, after MM - Siwa cross road, 15km SW of MM, Ras El Hikma, 20km S of Garawla   83/313-2
83/273-13
83/164-5
25 III 82 B
Hammada elegans cf. Haloxylon salicornicum              
Hammada scoparium or Haloxylon scoparium cf. Haloxylon tamariscifolium              
Kochia indica cf. Bassia indica              
Noaea mucronata (Forssk.) Asch. et Schweinf.  IT(M) CH ! N-Egypt MM district, W of MM, near El Hathany, Alex. - Cairo (Desert Road) 33km km 0030 14 III 82 B
82/1512-3
Salsola baryosma (Schult.) Dandy a. ssp. baryosma SU(SA)   CH ! C- and S-Egypt 93km E of Dakhla, Kharga just S of town, Bulaq   22 XI 82 B
21 XI 82 B
22 X! 84 B
Salsola baryosma (Schult.) Dandy Dandy a. ssp. gaetula (Maire) Freitag SU(SA)   CH ! NW-, C- and S-Egypt MM and Siwa district: 140km MM to Siwa, N of Qara, Qattara depression, 10km N of Ras Qattara, "Jericho Plaja", "Salvia Plaja", E of MM Ras el Hikma, 80km S of Garawla, Wadi El Qur, Cairo - Alex desert road 40km, 10 and 40km E of Abu Minqar, Nuweimisa oasis km 0140
km 1952
22°11N/31°18E
82/1412-1
83/164-7A
83/303-3
85/313-3
10 X 86 B
21 III 82 B
02 X 86 B
15 X 86 B
28 IX 86 B
31 III 85 B
Salsola inermis Forssk. IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, Haggag El-Zarga S of Garawla 16 X 87 B
Salsola kali L. EM A N-Egypt Alexandria district,
Mediterranean coastal strip
on sand  
Salsola longifolia Forssk. IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 17km ESE of MM, near Garawla, 'Scherental' km 0017 83/213-2
Salsola oppositifolia Desf. IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 30km SSE of MM, near Garawla, 'Scherental'   83/144-6
Salsola schweinfurthii Solms-Laub. SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 17km SW of MM, 25km SSE of MM, S of Garawla near Haggag El-Zarga, 60km S of Garawla, "Scherental" 83/273-15
83/094-3
16 X 86 B
23 III 82 B
Salsola tetragona Del. SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 50km ESE of MM, 15km S of road to Alex., Ras El Hikma transect (Burg El Arab)   83/164-8
82/123-1(A)
Salsola tetrandra Forssk. SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 15km ESE of MM, 20km S of Garawla, 20km SSE of MM, 10km W of Burg El Arab, "TTrompetental", Wadi Garawla, Ras el Hikma, MM - Siwa 40 km 31°06'N/27°19'E 83/213-1
83/094-6
83/164-6
25 III 82 B
12 III 82 B
Salsola vermiculata L. IT-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, 25km S of MM, Haggag El-Zarga S of Garawla, "Scherental", Aufn. 75-32 to 78-35 83/094-4
16 X 86 B
82/2211-1
Schanginia aegyptiaca = Suaeda aegyptiaca SA A ? NW- and C-Egypt MM district, near Ras El Hikma, near Garawla,
Kharga (Bulaq)
84/133-2
Suaeda aegyptiaca (Hasselq.) Zoh. SA A ! C-Egypt oases, Kharga, Bulaq 13 III 84 B
Suaeda fruticosa Forssk. ex J.Gmelin SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM / Siwa district, ca. 15km S of Nuweimisa km 3408 85/124-3
Suaeda monoica Forssk. ex J.Gmelin SA CH ! C- Egypt to N-Sudan Kharga oasis (Bulaq)
4km E of Mut
N-Sudan, Nukheila oasis
Aufn. 56, 57, 60
19° 03'N/26°19'E
23 IV 84 B
13 III 84 B
84/152-3

84/133-7
84/243-3
Suaeda palaestina Eig. et Zoh. EM-IT- SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, near Garawla, Marmarica Plateau with shallow soils, Ras el Hikma 83/144-41
83/164-18
26 III 82 B
25 III 82 B
Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.Gmelin M-SA CH ! NW-Egypt MM district, saltmarsh near Garawla, near Ras El Hikma, MM - Alex. 17km, 83/144-42
83/164-17
12 III 82 B
Suaeda vermiculata SA(SU)  CH ? NW- to C-Egypt Qattara Depression to Oases of Bahariya, Sitra, Farafra
Traganum nudatum Del. SA CH ! NW- to C-Egypt 25km SSE of MM, 20km S of Garawla, 40km S of Garawla, 115km S of MM, 25km SSE of MM, near "Gips-Plaja", "Scherental", oases of Farafra, Baharyia, 5km E of Bir Bitnis 31°06'N/27°19'E
30°21'N/27°17'E
km 2266
UG9 (in Plaja)
83/094-5
83/074-3
85/154-4
85/054-6
85/034-1
25 III 82 B
19 III 82 B
02 IV 85 B
05 IV 85 B
             
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Abbreviations used : CT LF        
Mediterranean M A annual Mersa Matruh MM
East-Mediterranean EM A/B annual/bi. research areas (C-Egypt) UG 1-9
Irano-Turanian IT A/P annual/per. Qattara Depression QD
Saharo-Arabian SA H-P perennial or hemikrypt.
Sudanian SU CH chamaeph.
Tropical Trop NP nano-phan.
Cosmopol Cosm P phaneroph.
Australian AUS CL climber
GE geophyte
               
   
 

Remarks:
*1 - The herbarium collection of Chenopodiceae specimen, determined by Prof. Freitag (Arbeitsgruppe Morphologie und Systematik der Pflanzen, Gesamthochschule Kassel), has been discussed in detail in: Freitag, H. (1989) Contributions to the Chenopod Flora of Egypt.- Flora 183: 149-173.

Summary:
Additions to the chenopod flora of Egypt are made on base of recent collections done by the author in Lower Egypt and N-Sinai, and by Bornkamm and Kehl in NW and W Egypt. They are completed by studies in Cairo herbarium (...), and for some taxa by investigation of type material. Many new localities contribute to the better knowledge of the respective distributional pattern, and remarks on the ecology and representation of species in different plant communities are given. Several species are recorded for the first time for the mainland of Egypt, e.g. Salsola cyclophylla, S. spinescens and Suaeda palaestina. In many cases critical taxonomic remarks are made, several species described by Forsskal are typified, and new keys for the Egyptian species of the genera Suaeda and Salsola are presented.l

   
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Copyright © 2000-2006 Harald Kehl / TU-Berlin - Fak. VI - Institut für Ökologie