TU-BERLIN

Zur Erforschung der 'Western Desert of Egypt'
Ecological Studies in the Libyan Desert of Egypt and N-Sudan
Vegetation Ecology of the Eastern Sahara

Zusammengestellt von Dr. Harald Kehl - TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie
(Compiled by Dr. Harald Kehl - TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie)

LV-TWK-Kehl
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    D2/1-26
 
List of Species in Fam. Order of the Western Desert of Egypt    (1st draft, will be completed contin.)
   
  NOTE: Red marked species-information = not incl. in tabls. of Bornkamm & Kehl 1990, and Kehl et al. 1984
  NOTE: Abbreviations used and necessary remarks
   
  Additionally, you will find impressions of landscapes etc.  of the Western Desert of Egypt
  and, maybe you like to visit some Locations via www.satelliteviews.net
   
  Quick search for plant families (e.g. Aca = Acanthaceae):
Aca | Aiz | Ama | Asc | Bal | Bor | Cap | Car | Cas | Che | Cis | Cle | Com | Con | Cru | Cuc | Cus | Cyp
Eph | Eup | Fra | Fum | Gen | Ger > Iri | Jun | Lam | Leg | Lil | Mal | Men | Mol | Neu | Ole | Oro | Pal | Pap
Pla | Plu | Poa < Pol | Pri | Ran | Ran | Res | Rha | Rub | Rup | Rut | Scr | Sol | Tam | Thy | Umb | Zyg
 Plant Families and Species: CT LF   Regions: Locations: Intern. notes:
Collection:
*1 *2
IRIDACEAE    
Iris sisyrinchium L. IT-M  GE NW-Egypt MM district, Wadi Garawla, 23,7km to coast 83/273-17
83/213-10
   
JUNCACEAE    
Juncus rigidus C.A. Mey SA-SU  H-P NW-Egypt to NW-Sudan Siwa district (Sitra-See), Nukheila oasis B.O.S. III 1985
19° 03'N/26°19'E
H.-Nr. 0503
84/142-7
Juncus littoralis IT G-H NW-Egypt Siwa district, Qara oasis 83/014-5
   
LAMIACEAE    
Lavendula stricta SA-SU CH E-Egypt Gulf of Suez - Cairo 22km
(Wadi Bad)
82/039-3
Marrubium alysson L. IT-SA (M)  A/P NW-Egypt MM-district, northern edge of Marmarica Plateau   82/153-1
Micromeria nervosa M CH NW-Egypt MM district, start of Wadi Garawla  
Phlomis floccosa M CH NW-Egypt MM district, start of Wadi Garawla   83/144-1
Prasium majus EM H-P S NW- and SW-Egypt MM district, start of Wadi Garawla, Gilf Kebir (from seeds)   83/144-9
82/1812-1
Salvia aegytiaca SA H-P NW-Egypt MM and Siwa district, MM - Siwa 150km, 40km NE of Qara oasis, 6,5km S of Garawla very frequent
30°11'N/26°15'E
83/303-10
83/124-2
83/223-6
Salvia lanigera Poir. M-SA H-P NW-Egypt MM district, 61km S of Garawla 30°43'N/27°15'E 83/233-19
Teucrium polium IT-M H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area   82/243-1
               
   
               
LEGUMINOSAE (Fabales)
(incl. Fabaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae)
cf. ILDIS Revisions acc. to ILDIS (International Legume Database & Information Service) With accepted names (actually) and synonyms
Acacia ehrenbergiana Hayne SU P C-, S- and SW-Egypt, NW-Sudan SW of Bir Safsaf, 40km E of Bir Khurayim, NW-Sudan, e.g. Wadi Howar (very common) km 1401 84/293-1
84/303-1
86/104-1
85/132-2
Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile SU P C- and S-Egypt Kharga, near Ibis temple, Mut and Dakhla oasis 84/163-1
84/082-1
Acacia raddiana Savi. - Syn. of
A. tortilis ssp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan
             
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne SU P NW-Sudan Nukheila oasis
Rahib Well, Wadi Howar (very common)
19° 03'N/26°19'E
17°29'N/27°17'E
84/192-9
84/142-8
Acacia tortilis ssp. raddiana (Savi.) Brenan
SU P NW- and C-Egypt, NW-Sudan Siwa district and oases of C-Egypt, NW-Sudan (very common)   85/254-1
85/274-3
Alhagi graecorum Boiss.  IT(EM- SA-SU) CH NW- to S-Egypt Siwa district, Qattara Depression, foothills, oases of C- to S-Egypt very frequent
Alhagi maurorum Medik. - Syn. of
Alhagi graecorum Boiss.
             
Astragalus annularis Forssk. SA(EM)  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area   83/054-12
Astragalus asterias Steven  EM-SA (IT) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Astragalus eremophilus Boiss. EM-IT SA   A NW-Egypt MM district, Marmarica Plateau  
Astragalus gyzensis Aitch.  SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Astragalus hamosus L.  EM(IT) A NW- and C-Egypt MM district, coastal area, cultivated oases   84/133-8
Astragalus hispidulus DC. SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, northern edge of Marmarica Pl.  
Astragalus peregrinus Vahl SA  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Astragalus spinosus (Forssk.) Muschl.  IT-SA CH NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, Marmarica Plateau, frequent  
Astragalus stella L.  EM-IT SA   A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area 'Gelbes Haus' 83/054-3
Astragalus tribuloides Delile IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, northern edge of Marmarica Pl.  
Astragalus trigonus DC. IT-SA CH NW- to C-Egypt MM district, coastal area, Marmarica Plateau, Siwa district, 60km SE and 35km E of Abu Minqar (UG3 and UG4) km 1765
km 1952
km 3406
85/293-6
85/313-7
85/124-6
Astragalus vogelii (Webb) Bornm.  IT-SA A S C- to SW-Egypt Plajas of C-Egypt to Gilf Kebir very frequent 82/912-4
Cassia italica (Mill) F.W.Andrews
(= Senna italica Mill.)
EM-SA CH C-Egypt oases, farmland, e.g. Kharga oasis (Bulaq) 84/133-3
Cassia senna L. - Syn. of
Senna alexandrina Mill.
SU NP N-Sudan e.g N of Gebel Tageru

17°44'N/27°32'E
16°58'N/26°60'E

84/212-2
84/202-6
Crotalaria thebaica (Del.) DC. SU CH N-Sudan N of Wadi Howar 17°36'N/27°28'E 84/202-2
Hippocrepis bicontorta Loisel.
(= Hippocrepis areolata Desv.)
SA  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Hippocrepis cyclocarpa Murb. EM-SA  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Lathyrus sphaericus Retz. SA  C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Lathyrus hirsutus L. SA  A/B  C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Lotus creticus L.  EM H-P  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Lotus glinoides Delile  SA NW-Egypt MM district, Marmarica Plateau  
Lotus halophilus Boiss. & Spruner M-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Lotus lanuginosus Vent.  SA H-P  SE-Egypt Lake Nasser (Sarra West) 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-13
Medicago aschersoniana Urb.
(= Medicago laciniata (L.) Mill. var. brachycantha Boiss.)
SA  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Medicago coronata (L.) Bartal. IT-EM A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Medicago littoralis Loisel. EM(SA) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Medicago minima (L.) L. EM (IT-SA) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Medicago sativa L. M(Cos) A C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Melilotus indica (L.) All. IT(Cos) A C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Onobrychis crista-galli (L.) Lam. SA(IT) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area   85/035-1
Ononis vaginalis M. Vahl IT-SA H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Pisum sativum L. M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area   83/054-1
Prosopis farcta (Banks & Sol.) J.F. Macbr. SA (IT) NP C- and SE-Egypt edge of cultivated Oases, Lake Nasser (Sarra West) 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-7
85/044-1
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. SA CH C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Psoralea plicata Delile
(= Cullen plicatum (Delile) C.H. Stirt.)
SA-SU CH C-Egypt SE of Abu Minqar (UG3) km 1765 85/293-8
Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb SA CH NW-Egypt MM district, northern edge of Marmarica Plateau  
Senna alexandrina Mill. SU NP N-Sudan e.g N of Gebel Tageru

17°44'N/27°32'E
16°58'N/26°60'E

84/212-2
84/202-6
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. SA H-P C-Egypt 15km N of Baris (Kharga), roadside, near Farafra, GPC Camp 84/153-1
86/274-6
Tephrosia apollinea (Delile) DC. SA CH NW-Sudan few km NE of Rahib Well 17°29'N/27°17'E 84/202-3
84/182-7
Trifolium tomentosum L. (IT) Omni-M H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Trigonella hamosa
(= Trigonella glabra Thunb.)
SA A C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Trigonella stellata Forssk. (IT)SA A NW-Egypt MM district, Marmarica Plateau, very frequent  
Vicia monantha Retz. M H-P C-Egypt cultivated oases  
Vicia sativa L. M A NW-Egypt MM district, Marmarica Plateau  
     
LILIACEAE      
Allium spec.   GE NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area   83/213-6
Asparagus stipularis Forssk.  EM-SA-SU CH NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Asphodelus fistulosus v. tenuifolius Cav. IT-EM GE NW- and C-Egypt MM district, coastal area and cultivated oases  
Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. & Viv. IT-EM GE NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area  
Gagea reticulata IT  GE NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
   
MALVACEAE    
Althaea ludwigii IT-SA A/P NW-Egypt MM district, 65km SSE MM 30°43'N/27°15'E 83/253-2
Malva aegyptia (IT) - SA  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area and start of Wadi Garawla 83/134-2
Malva parviflora IT-M  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area and start of Wadi Garawla 83/144-4
   
MENISPERMACEAE    
Cocculus pendulus (J.R. & G.Forst.) Diels.  SU CHL C-Egypt Farafra oasis, UG8, steep limestone rocks, in crevises UG8 85/054-8
   
MOLLUGACEAE    
Glinus lotoides v. macrantha  EM-IT + Trop A SE-Egypt beach of Lake Nasser, S of Sarra West 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-3
   
NEURADACEAE    
Neurada procumbens SA (SU) A NE-Egypt Alex. - Cairo 120km (Desert Road) 82/019-2
   
OLEACEAE    
Olea europaea L. IT - Omni-M P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, edge of cultivated fields
   
OROBANCHACEAE    
Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout.  IT-SA GE NW-Egypt MM district, Qattara Depression, foothill vegetation, runnels 83/064-13
Cistanche violaceae (Desf.) G.Beck  IT-SA GE NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare
   
PALMAE    
Hyphaene thebaica L. SU  P C- to S-Egypt,
N-Sudan
mostly uninhabitat oases
e.g. Selima, very common
21°22'N/29°19'E fruits
Phoenix dactylifera L.  (SA)SU P NW-Egypt to N-Sudan cultivated area and wild oases, very common
   
PAPAVERACEAE    
Papaver hybridum M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, generally along the Mediterranean coast, fieldside, very common

83/124-18
83/193-9

Papaver rhoeas Omni-M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area 83/164-16
Roemeria hybrida IT (SA) EM A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, also 3km SW of Alex. (GPC-Camp) 83/193-10
Roemeria hybrida ssp. dodecandra IT A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area 'Gelbes Haus' 83/094-2
Roemeria hybrida ssp. dodecandra var. pinnatifida IT A NW-Egypt 3km SE of Alexandria (GPC-Camp)   83/193-11
   
PLANTAGINACEAE    
Plantago albicans M-SA H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, MM - Alex. 40km, Baggush, very common 83/203-1
82/153-7
Plantago crypsoides IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, MM - Alex. 40km, Baggush 82/153-8
Plantago lanceolata IT-EM A/P C-Egypt cultivated oases, Tabl. 18  
Plantago notata IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, MM - Alex. 40km, Baggush   83/203-2
Plantago phaeostoma EM-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, start Wadi Garawla   83/134-3
   
PLUMBAGINACEAE    
Limoniastrum monopetalum (L.) Boiss. M CH NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, salt marsh vegetation 82/173-2
Limonium pruinosum  SA H-P  NW-Egypt MM district, 80km S of MM, Marmarica Plateau 82/233-1
Limonium tubiflorum  IT-SA H-P  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, N edge of the Marmarica Plateau 83/124-33
   
POACEAE (Gram.)    
Aegilops kotschyi M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare  
Aeluropus lagopoides  IT-SA H-P  NW- and C-Egypt cultivated and wild oases
Aeluropus nassauensis IT-EM H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare  
Ammochloa palaestina  IT-EM-SA A-H  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Ammophila arenaria Omni-M H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare  
Aristida funiculata SA A NW-Sudan N edge of Wadi Howar, sometimes together with Blepharis 17°36'N/27°28'E
17°40'N/27°29'E
84/202-8
84/202-4
Asthenatherum forsskalii IT-SA   A/P N- and C-Egypt Alex.- Cairo 110km
Cairo - Baharyia 80km
plajas with sand around Farafra
82/318-1
83/234-5
86/274-3
Avena fatua EM A C-Egypt cultivated oases, Tabl. 18  
Avena ludoviciana EM A S NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Avena wiestii IT-SA (M)  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare  
Bromus fasciculatus M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Bromus rubens M-IT-SA  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Bromus scoparius  M-IT  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Chloris pycnothrix IT A/P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Crypsis aculeata M-IT A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser (Sarra West), lake banks and wet places 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-1
Crypsis schoenoides M-IT A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser (Sarra West), lake banks and wet places 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-2
Cutandia dichotoma IT  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Cutandia memphitica SA  A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Cynodon dactylon  EM-Cos H-P  NW- to SE-Egypt MM district, coastal area, and Bir Kiseiba 84/o14-3
Dactylis hispanica  M H-P  NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area very rare
Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum SU (Trop) A C-Egypt cultivated oases Tabl. 18
Desmostachya bipinnata SA H-P NW-Sudan Nukheila oasis 19° 03'N/26°19'E
84/142-6
Dichanthium annulatum IT-SA H-P C-Egypt wild oasis Tabl. 15  
Digitaria sanguinalis Cos A C-Egypt cultivated oases Tabl. 18
Eragrostis aegyptiaca SA A SE-Egypt Lake Nasser (Sarra West), lake banks 22°11N/31°18E 86/054-11
Hordeum leporinum  M(Cos) NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Hordeum sativum  M(Cos) NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.  M-SA H-P  C- to SE-Egypt, NW-Sudan wild oases, foothills, runnels, Lake Nasser (Sarra West), Nukheila oasis B.O.S. III
28°48N/26°33E
22°11N/31°18E
Nr. 0520 Back
86/054-21
84/142-12
Lolium rigidum M(Cos) H-P C- and S-Egypt Kharga (Bulaq), GPC-Camp, Bir Tarfawi Aufn. 46 84/253-2
84/123-5
Lophocloa cf. pumila IT-EM- SA   NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Lophocloa cristata M(Cos) A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Lygeum spartum IT-EM GE   NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, maritime sand    
Panicum turgidum  SA GE  C-, S-to SW-Egypt, NW-Sudan plajas and runnels around Farafra oasis, Waterhole SW of Bir Tarfawi, Gilf Kebir, Wadis, Nukheila oasis UG8
19° 03'N/26°19'E
84/243-4
84/152-6
85/054-11
Parapholis incurva M A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, Wadi Ramla 83/273-4
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.  Cos GE NW- to SE- and S-Egypt wild and cultivated oases 84/313-3
Polypogon fugax Cos A C- to S-Egypt cultivated oases, GPC Camp Tarfawi, moist habitat Tabl. 18 84/273-2
Polypogon monspeliensis Cos A C- to S-Egypt cultivated oases, GPC Camp Tarfawi, moist habitat Aufn. 62, 72
Tabl. 18
84/153-3
84/153-4
84/153-5
Schismus barbatus M-SA A S NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, very ferquent  
Setaria adhaerens Cos A NW- to C-Egypt sand of coastal salt marshes and oases
Setaria verticillata ssp. SA A SW-Egypt Gilf Kebir
Sorghum virgatum SA-SU A/P C-Egypt cultivated oases Tabl. 15, 18
Sporobolus spicatus (Vahl) Kunth. SA  GE  C-Egypt to N-Sudan wild oases, groundwater dependent, very common  
Stipa capensis IT-SA A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Stipa lagascae IT-EM H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, rare  
Stipa parviflora IT-EM H-P NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area, very frequent  
Stipagrostis acutiflora
(Trin. et Rupr.) De Winter
SA-SU H-P SW-Egypt,
N-Sudan
Abu Ballas to Gilf Kebir, Wadi Howar region 24°26N/27°39E
23°43N/26°04E
82/2811-1
82/312-1
84/074-1
Stipagrostis plumosa SA A/P NW-Egypt to NW-Sudan Ras El Qattara, 15km N of Qara, together with Akacia, near Deir El Abyad depression, MM - Siwa 140km, 155km N of Qara

NW-Sudan
30°12N/27°15E
29°42N/26°34E
30°34N/27°23E
30°19N/26°24E
30°32N/27°12E
17°50N/26°55E
83/064-12
83/024-8
83/084-3
83/293-7
83/044-7
Stipagrostis plumosa var.
plumosa (det. Scholz)
SA-SU A/P NW-Egypt to NW-Sudan Cairo - Baharyia 30 - 120km NW-Sudan
17°50'N/26°55'E
84/182-5
Stipagrostis plumosa var.
brachypoda (det. Scholz)
SA-SU A/P NW-Egypt Alex.- Cairo 120km (Desert R.)
Aex. - Cairo 90km (DDesert R.)
  82/019-1
82/2910-1
Stipagrostis vulnerans  SA H-P  C-, SE-, S-Egypt, NW-Sudan 10km NE of Kharga, Bulaq, Bir NNakhlai, W of Bir Dibis, Nukheila oasis etc., very common km 1493
km 2091
17°15'N/27° 07'E
17°10'N/27° 03'E
several specimen collected
Stipagrostis zittelii  SA-SU H-P  NW- to C-Egypt Qattara Depression (inner edge) and wild oases
Trachynia distachya EM-IT A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Trisetaria glumacea EM-IT A NW-Egypt MM district, coastal area
Zea mays L. (neophyte) NeoTrop A C-Egypt cultivated oases
             
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Abbreviations used : CT LF        
Mediterranean M A annual Mersa Matruh MM
East-Mediterranean EM A/B annual/bi. research areas (C-Egypt) UG 1-9
Irano-Turanian IT A/P annual/per. Qattara Depression QD
Saharo-Arabian SA H-P perennial or hemikrypt.
Sudanian SU CH chamaeph.
Tropical Trop NP nano-phan.
Cosmopol Cosm P phaneroph.
Australian AUS CL climber
GE geophyte
               
   
   
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Copyright © H. Kehl / TU-Berlin, Fak. VI - Institut für Ökologie